The normative sample consists of 842 preschool-aged children (3 to 5 years), residing in 12 states. The TOPEL has three principle uses:
- 1. Identification: Results from the TOPEL subtests are useful for documenting a child's print, oral vocabulary, and phonological awareness ability
- 2. Documentation of Progress: Federal statutes, state laws, and/or school district policies at times require documentation of progress
- 3. Research: Educators can use this instrument to determine intervention-related change or to select students for research participation
The TOPEL has three subtests. All the results of which are then combined to determine the “Composite Score” that ultimately best represents a child's emergent literacy skills:
Includes Examiner's Manual, Picture Book and 25 Record Booklets all in a sturdy storage box.
- Subtest 1: Print Knowledge — 36 items; measures alphabet knowledge and early knowledge about written language conventions and form; the child is asked to identify letters and written words, point to specific letters, names specific letters, identify letters associated with specific sounds, and say the sounds associated with specific letters
- Subtest 2: Definitional Vocabulary — 35 items; measures single-word oral vocabulary and definitional vocabulary (assesses both surface and deep vocabulary knowledge); the child is shown a picture and asked to tell what the picture is, and to describe one of its important featuresSubtest 3: Phonological Awareness — 27 items; measures word elision and blending abilities; the child is asked to say a word, then say what is left after dropping out specific sounds (elision) for the first 12 items; the child is asked to listen to separate sounds and combine them to form a word (blending) for the remaining 15 items.