A valuable tool for very young children and non-readers, Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism
uses scripts to show parents and educators how to teach students to initiate conversation and improve communication.
Engages students in the learning process with word, phrase or sentence scripts (audio-taped or written) that reflect the student's interests. Explains the script and script-fading processes, and includes many examples to support the instructions.
Features scripts with pictures of desired objects or activities.
Follows a 4-step process:
Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism
- A child starts the conversation by reading a script or playing it on an audio card reader.
- The partner supports the conversation with a response.
- "You had yogurt for lunch".
- After the child masters a few scripts, the "script-fading" process begins.
- The last word of the script is removed, then the next to last, and so on, until the script is absent.
- Scripts are completely faded.
- Children learn to spontaneously initiate and pursue social interaction.
Table of Contents
- Prompts and rewards
- Observing, evaluating and measuring results
- Activity schedules, card readers, and voice recorders
- Conversation activities
- Scripts for readers and nonreaders
Includes 160 pages.
- Chapter 1 Why Doesn't He Talk to Us?
- Chapter 2 What Are Scripts? What Is Script Fading?
- Chapter 3 Scripts, Script Fading, and Activity Schedules
- Chapter 4 Building Prerequisite Skills: Scripts for Children Who Do Not Yet Talk Why Use Scripts with Nonverbal Children? Making Social Interaction Fun Pairing Pictures, Words, and Objects or Activities Creating Helpful Language Environments Not All Activities Are Social
- Chapter 5 Preparing to Teach Observe Preferences Select Scripts Record the Scripts Enlist the Help of Two Adults Construct an Activity Schedule
- Chapter 6 Teaching Children to Use Scripts: Prompters and Conversation Partners How to Be an Effective Prompter Fading Prompts How to Be a Good Conversation Partner Dealing with Errors Measuring Progress What's Next?
- Chapter 7 Scripts for Children Who Say Words or Phrases Initiating Conversation with a Word or Phrase An Additional Measure of Progress What If a Child Doesn't Say the Scripts? Fading Audiotaped Scripts
- Chapter 8 Measuring Scripted and Unscripted Interaction New Definitions of Interaction Observing, Scoring, and Graphing Scripted and Unscripted Interaction The Importance of Two Observers
- Chapter 9 More Scripts and More Interaction Opportunities Talking about Reward Activities Talking about Play Activities Talking about Home-Living Activities Extending Conversation When Are Scripts Faded?
- Chapter 10 Scripts for Beginning Readers Fading Pictures and Audiotapes Talk Books What to Do When Conversation Fails
- Chapter 11 Scripts for More Accomplished Readers Scripts about Past and Future Activities Photo Albums and Scrapbooks Using the Telephone More about Fading Written Scripts Don't Forget Rewards!
- Chapter 12 Measuring More Complex Conversation Defining Interaction Types of Interaction
- Chapter 13 Using Scripts to Promote Peer Interaction Peer Tutoring Interaction with Siblings Peer Interaction in Groups
- Chapter 14 Teaching Young People to Create Their Own Scripts Using Topic Lists Writing Own Scripts
- Chapter 15 Scripts for Nonreaders and People with Severe Disabilities Silent Partners Pictures as Cues for Conversation
- Chapter 16 Making It Work Selecting Scripts Modeling Conversation Fading Prompts Programming Generalized Interaction Skills
- Chapter 17 Solving Problems